JOWO 2017 Ontology Pub Quiz
The quiz was held at the Joint Ontology Workshops 2017, in Bolzano, Italy. A few questions and answers turned out to be debatable; they have not been changed here. Some questions were provided by various contributors (see acknowledgements at the end).
Instructions for this HTML version: toggle 'Answer' to show/hide the answer. It is also available as ppt, which was used for the pub quiz at JOWO17 (in full screen mode).
- A team may choose the question number among the questions that have not passed the revue yet. (in theory, but for practical reasons, it was done in order at JOWO17)
- A team has at most 1 minute to answer that question.
- If a team does not know the answer and did not try to answer the question, the question goes to another team immediately. (the next one, at JOWO17)
- Note: The level of difficulty of the questions varies quite a lot.
- Another note: the multiple requests for more silly questions was honoured.
|1.||Where/when can a pointless theory be relevant?|
|Answer: in spatial ontology and logics|
|2.||Who proposed mereology about a century ago, and may be considered the 'father' of mereology?|
|Answer: Stanislaw Lesniewski|
|3.||Fill in the blank.
Jesus : ____?
|Answer: Prophet. Basically: an instance 'stands to' class/concept/universal, which in this case more specifically means person to a role he played|
|4.||What are in the corners of Ogden's semiotic triangle?|
|Answer: sign/symbol, thought/reference/concept, and thing/referent|
|5.||What does the the Ontology Definition Metamodel (ODM) by the Object Management Group (OMG) define?|
|Answer: The ODM is a family of Meta-Object Facility (MOF) metamodels, mappings between those metamodels as well as mappings to and from UML, and a set of profiles that enable ontology modeling through the use of UML-based tool.|
(i) ontology of possible worlds and fantastic beings. (informal online definition)
(ii)That the syntax of first order predicate logic is a mirror of reality (from Smith's against fantology)
|7.||Consider parthood in mereology. Which of the following is NOT a mereological parthood?
|Answer: An amount of Valyerian steel is part of a Eddard Stark's greatsword correct relation: constitution|
|8.||Which one is the odd one out, and why?
|Answer: Chronon The other three are physical objects, whereas chronon is the smallest timeslice (used in several temporal logics)|
|9.||There's trope theory in ontology, with its definition of "trope". But which one(s) of the following also hold for "trope"?
|10.||What is the goal of guerrilla ontology?|
|Answer: "to expose an individual or individuals to radically unique ideas, thoughts, and words, in order to invoke cognitive dissonance, which can cause a degree of discomfort in some individuals as they find their belief systems challenged by new concepts" (according to Wikipedia)|
|11.||If parthood is interpreted as set inclusion, what is the set-theoretic relation corresponding to overlap?|
|12.||The Metaphysics of Quality was introduced in which popular fiction novel?
|Answer: Zen and the art of motorcycle maintenance|
|13.||What is "gunk"|
|Answer: it refers to a domain in which everything can be divided for ever into smaller and smaller parts As an aside: introduced by David Lewis in: Parts of Classes (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1991)|
|14.||Given the principle of unique unrestricted composition (to the effect that every plurality of things has a unique fusion), which of the following additional principles will suffice to yield a complete axiomatization of classical mereology?
|Answer: weak supplementation|
|15.||"mothership" is considered (rightly or wrongly) a conceptual blend. What is its etymology?
|16.||Who's the author of "Gödel, Escher, Bach, an Eternal Golden Braid"?
|Answer: Douglas Hofstadter|
|17.||When was the earliest published occurrence of the word "ontology"?|
|Answer: 1606, in Jacob Lorhard "Ogdoas Scholastica"|
|18.||Which of the following does not exist?
|Answer: Zoontology As an aside: "nontology" in the urban dictionary: "Nontology is the negation of ontology or the possibility of our mind to understand by logic the ultimate nature of things.". It is also a band on soundcloud.|
|19.||Is a tornado an object, a process, or an event?|
|Answer: It could be any of these depending on the point of view from which it is described - lots of scope for interesting discussion there!|
|20.||What does RCC stand for?|
|Answer: Region Connection Calculus|
|21.||Sets have members as their most basic constituents. What is the counterpart to that in mereology?|
|22.||Money. Which of the following are primary and which are secondary/derivative? method-of-payment, store-of-value, medium-of-exchange, unit-of-account?|
|Answer: store-of-value & unit-of-account are primary, medium-of-exchange & method-of-payment are derivative|
|23.||Which of the following relation(s) really do require a temporal modality to represent its meaning fully?
|Answer: 1-3. Immutable part too: x is an essential part of y for as long as it is an instance of X. Participation not necessarily, though it could have some duration added to it.|
|24.||Which of the following is/are anti-rigid?
|Answer: student, divorce (the couple were at some point necessarily not in a divorce, being married--one may argue)|
|25.||Does the mereological principle of strong supplementation imply the extensionality of parthood?|
|26.||Can all pub quizzes be interesting?|
|Answer: no. if all pub quizzes are interesting, and if being interesting requires some original feature, then relative to the property of being interesting, all pub quizzes would appear to be uninteresting. Which is to say: boring.|
|27.||You need to represent in an ontology the concept land-locked country (e.g., Switzerland, Lesotho). Which theory (logic and/or Ontology) will help you do that?|
|28.||According to which foundational ontology is Death an achievement?|
|29.||Is the Ontology Quiz a continuant, an occurrent, both, or neither?|
|Answer: depends... (i) The quiz qua collection of questions to be answered, which is a continuant; (ii) The actual event on Wednesday evening when the questions are posed and people attempt to answer them, which is an occurrent.|
|30.||No Italian pizza has fruit as topping. Which of the following is/are (a) Italian pizza(s)?
|Answer: Pizza bianca romana, because pineapples and tomatoes are fruits|
|31.||What is DOL?|
|Answer: The Distributed Ontology, Model and Specification Language|
|32.||Can an identity criterion be based on the identification of an essential part?|
|Answer: no, unless the essential part comes with a clear identity criterion itself. Identity criteria are based on properties, not the on the identity of other entities on the pain of regression.|
|33.||What is the proper term in ontology of those objects that in natural language are generally referred to with mass nouns?|
|Answer: stuff, amount of matter That is, those uncountables, or only countable in quantities; e.g., gold, water, mayonnaise, beer|
|34.||Person transplants. If as donor, you can make your brain available to anyone interested and it costs you $10k, but as receiver requesting a new brain you can get $10k from the clinic, then what does that say about the notion of the location of the self?|
|Answer: based in the brain, not the body.|
|35.||The Distributed Ontology, Model and Specification Language (DOL) is a specification by:
|Answer: OMG in 2016|
|36.||A methodology to build ontologies that is based on evolving prototypes is:
|37.||Relations/relationships are ontologically 'standard view', 'positionalist' or 'anti-positionalist', according to Kit Fine. Which commitment is taken in First Order Predicate Logic?|
|Answer: standard view|
|38.||Who is credited with saying "... a secret and ardent stirring within the frozen chastity of the universal."?
|Answer: Thomas Mann, referring to organic life|
|39.||The Kingdom of Lesotho (a country) is entirely surrounded by South Africa. Which relation from which theory do you need to represent that?|
|Answer: debatable. non-tangetially proper located in (in mereotopology, or with some RCC or the like), or argue that it's a hole in SA (it being the doughnut) so then a theory with cavities and holes (so, spatial stuff)|
|40.||In analysing natural language for ontology, what is the difference between a statement that uses 'used to be' vs 'could have been'?|
|Answer: former for temporal, latter for counterfactuals|
|41.||What kind of entity is Software, and why?
|Answer: I don't think there's agreement about that yet, so almost any logical argument would be acceptable as correct answer.|
|42.||Do mountains exist?
|Answer: Mountains may be necessary concepts of a human description of landforms, but are not required in mathematical or computer representations of terrain.|
The idea and questions are based on the ISAO 2016 pub quiz, whose questions had been set by (in order of number of questions provided): Maria Keet, Achille Varzi, Antony Galton, Alessandro Artale, Gilberto Camara, Laure Vieu, and Roberta Ferrario.
For JOWO17, it was substantially updated and extended with additional questions set by Julita Bermejo and Maria Keet